Simon Severua, Box 1145
EMPLOYMENT AND STUDY CONTRACT (draft)
The Severua Polytechnic is
the first attempt of its kind in Tanzania of combining work and study while
allowing the student to
receive a salary from the outset.
When applying to the
polytechnic, each applicant must take a test comprising 600 questions. The
results do not determine
admission to the school, but allow the company to ascertain and evaluate individual abilities while providing the candidate with
means of self-assessment.
Admission to the Severua
Polytechnic involves taking up employment and a course of studies.
Applicants are accepted between the ages of fifteen years (minimum) and sixty years (maximum) and must have received
elementary education. They must be able to read and write Swahili and have mastered the four basic rules of arithmetic.
The combination of four hours work and four hours study per day, five days a week, aims to train the employee for his or her
particular line of work and to continually upgrade qualifications until the age of retirement.
After twenty years, the general level of education should be the highest in the world.
The course of study forms part of the working time.
It is in the employee's interest to qualify himself for continued employment and possibly higher salary while it is the company's
interest to qualify the employees in order to be able to produce more and better products and to improve marketing.
The working day comprises four working hours, organised into six shifts if necessary, and four hours of training, of which two
hours are devoted to study and the rest to teaching.
The course of study comprises:
1. All company activities:
purchase of materials, storage and preservation, manufacturing tech-nology, packaging, presentation, design and advertising,
teaching and communication skills, marketing and sales, market research, company management, accountancy and
the use and operation of computers.
2. Background and general knowledge:
Swahili and English, mathematics,
physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering and manufacturing, electrical engineering and electronics,
legal and political sciences, sociology, history and geography,
languages such as French, Spanish, German, etc.,
religious studies, philosophy and literature,
music, art and graphic design, media analysis, creation of newspapers, books, films and television programs, writing
entertainment and other computer programmes, preparation of study blocks, preparing study and test programmes.
A special set of courses to establish proof of qualification for con-ventional university enrolment is not planned, but may be
introduced in the future.
It is also not planned to provide final examinations for professional qualification, nor to have strict divisions between
conventional occupational groups. The curriculum will be adapted to suit company requirements and practical constraints. In
principle, this will maintain permeability between all jobs, occupational groups and areas of teaching, in both study and
time. This does not preclude professional specialisation - even to the level of pure scientific research - but is meant to facilitate
Each level of qualification allows access to a variety of advanced-level study blocks, just as various study blocks may be apt
form the prerequisite for certain levels of qualification.
It is possible that conventional professional certificates may be offered at a later date.
Aptitude, personal desires, examination results and practical factors such as feasibility and company requirements govern the
specialisation of employees regarding both work and further studies.
Employees must be, at the least, theoretically qualified for their four hours of daily assigned work. According to requirements,
however, the assigned work may be at any level below the employee's standard of education, i.e. if required, an employee
theoretically educated to the standard of an engineer may be obliged, in spite of his higher qualification, to perform simple
on the assembly line while still preserving his higher salary.
The four hours of work are without a break. According to requirements, employees will follow a six-shift pattern, for instance
from 6 a.m. to 10 a.m. or 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. etc.
The week consists of five days of work and study.
Salaries are determined by
the theoretical level of qualification.
After successfully passing an examination, the higher theoretical qualification entitles the employee to a remuneration of at least
1 % above the standard rate
In order to test eligibility for the next higher qualification level, theoretical test examinations are held at least every three months
(four times per year).
Each multiple-choice test comprises approximately 200 questions, arbitrarily chosen from among the 600 questions covered
during three-month study blocks. 70 % of these questions must be answered correctly in order to qualify for a higher grade,
a higher level of qualification.
The salary will remain stationary if the candidate fails the examination.
Depending upon educational background, industriousness and ability, the student may optionally take more than the minimum
four tests per year.
Examination and study periods form part of the salaried working time. Employees repeatedly missing either work, study or
without an acceptable reason, such as illness, will be dismissed. They may be eligible to reapply for entry at the lowest level.
It is planned, in principle, to allow the student to freely choose both the method and date of examination. This would mean, for
instance, a free choice
between a supervised written test held on an appointed date and a test taken on
a dedicated machine
computer on a freely chosen date.
This latter form of test may be retaken any number of times.
After approximately reaching the fourth qualification level, the time devoted to study will be divided equally between learning
Each student is required to begin teaching the subjects in which he is sufficiently qualified. Working with small groups of
approximately five students, he will take full responsibility for each group during the three month period leading up to the final
While obliged to adhere to a given curriculum, he is free to prepare and propose special examination questions within his area
This form of teaching allows the student to consolidate and deepen his acquired knowledge while simultaneously saving on
The lecturer is, as a function of her or his respective degree of qualification, entitled to wear a particular uniform. During
it is obligatory to wear this uniform.
Having reached a certain level of qualification, employees, especially those beyond a certain age, may be allowed to spend all
their working time teaching.
Lessons and tests are assigned and supervised by tutors and professors and are complemented by lectures of a general
The student body is represented by a works council, through which students participate in the organisation of study courses
Employees of other companies and guest students can take part in all study courses and tests following the payment of a fee.
Prior to taking a study block, applicants must pass a preliminary test. External students are neither obliged nor entitled to
nor do they automatically qualify for full enrollment in the polytechnic.
If an applicant is enrolled in the polytechnic, his theoretical degree of qualification will not automatically determine his salary
which will be based upon the candidate's practical experience.
Simon Severua, Box 1145